Telecommunications in Serbia

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Telecommunication in Serbia is an important economic sector, accounting for 4.7% of country's GDP in 2015.[1]

Telephony[edit]

Fixed telephony[edit]

Serbia has a developed and efficient telephone network infrastructure. Domestic line system is 100% digital, with digital cable trunk line connecting switching centers. A drop in fixed-line connections in the last decade has been more than offset by a sharp increase in mobile-cellular telephone use. Telekom Srbija, the former state monopoly, is the predominant player in landline telephony with 93.8% of market share.[5] Since the liberalization of the telecommunications market in 2013, Telekom Srbija has been very slowly losing market share to 16 other telecom operators, of which the most significant ones include SBB and Orion Telekom.

Mobile telephony[edit]

Serbia currently has three mobile networks, Telekom Srbija, Telenor, and Vip mobile all of which are licensed for 2G GSM, 3G UMTS, and 4G LTE. The largest mobile operator is Telekom Srbija, marketed as mts, with 46.8%  market share, followed by Telenor with 31.2% and Vip mobile with 22% market share.[6] In addition, SBB gained mobile virtual network operator licence in 2013 but is still not offering services.

Radio and television[edit]

Free-to-air terrestrial television[edit]

Digital television transition has been completed in 2015 with MPEG-4 compression standard and DVB-T2 standard for signal transmission.[11]

Pay television[edit]

Some 67% of households are provided with pay television services (i.e. 38.7% cable television, 16.9% IPTV, and 10.4% satellite).[12] There are 90 pay television operators (cable, IPTV, DTH), largest of which are SBB (mainly cable) with 48% market share, Telekom Srbija (mts TV) with 25%, followed by PoštaNet with 5%, and Ikom and Kopernikus with 4% and 3%, respectively.[13]

IT Industry[edit]

The Serbian IT industry is rapidly growing and changing pace. In 2018, IT services exports reached $1.3 billion.[14] With 6,924 companies in the IT sector (2013 data), Belgrade is one of the information technology centers in this part of Europe, with strong growth.[15] Microsoft Development Center located in Belgrade was at the time of its establishment fifth such center in the world.[16] Many world IT companies choose Belgrade as regional or European center such as Asus,[17] Intel,[18] Dell,[19] Huawei, NCR,[20] Ubisoft[21] etc. These companies have taken advantage of Serbia's large pool of engineers and relatively low wages.

Large investments by global tech companies like Microsoft, typical of the 2000s, are being eclipsed by a growing number of domestic startups which obtain funding from domestic and international investors. What brought companies like Microsoft in the first place was a large pool of talented engineers and mathematicians.[22] In just the first quarter of 2016, more than US$65 million has been raised by Serbian startups including $45 million for Seven Bridges (a Bioinformatics firm) and $14 million for Vast (a data analysis firm).[23][24] One of the most successful startups have been Nordeus which was founded in Belgrade in 2010 and is one of Europe's fastest-growing companies in the field of computer games (the developer of Top Eleven Football Manager, a game played by over 20 million people).[25]

Internet[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/RATEL%20-%20Pregled%20trzista%20u%202015.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/Pregled%20trzista%202016.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/Pregled%20trzista%202016.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/Pregled%20trzista%202016.pdf
  5. ^ http://static.mts.rs/pdf/poslovanje/konacni-izvestaj-2015.pdf?d=False&h=636039318327200000
  6. ^ http://www.ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/Pregled%20trzista%202016.pdf
  7. ^ http://www.ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/Pregled%20trzista%202016.pdf
  8. ^ http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/WebSite/userFiles/file/Aktuelnosti/StatGod2015.pdf
  9. ^ http://www.ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/Pregled%20trzista%202016.pdf
  10. ^ http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/WebSite/userFiles/file/Aktuelnosti/StatGod2015.pdf
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-01-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ http://www.ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/Pregled%20trzista%202016.pdf
  13. ^ http://www.ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/Pregled%20trzista%202016.pdf
  14. ^ https://startit.rs/izvoz-it-usluga-po-prvi-put-presao-milijardu-evra-rast-od-26-u-odnosu-na-2017-godinu/
  15. ^ "U Beogradu radi 120.000 firmi". Večernje Novosti. 23 April 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  16. ^ "Microsoft Development Center Serbia". Microsoft.com. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
  17. ^ "Asus otvorio regionalni centar u Beogradu". Emportal.rs. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
  18. ^ "Centar kompanije 'Intel' za Balkan u Beogradu – Srbija deo 'Intel World Ahead Program'". E kapija. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
  19. ^ Beograd, Ana Vlahović (25 September 2011). "Srbija centar IT industrije". Pressonline.rs. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  20. ^ NCR planira da udvostruči broj zaposlenih u Srbiji u 2014 (in Serbian), eKapija, 24 July 2013, retrieved 4 November 2013
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ "Subscribe to read". Financial Times. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  23. ^ "Srpsko-američki Seven Bridges uzeo investiciju od 45 miliona dolara za brži razvoj lečenja raka — startit". startit.rs. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  24. ^ "Vast uzeo investiciju od 14 miliona dolara za razvoj B2C proizvoda i širenje u Beogradu — startit". startit.rs. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  25. ^ Jordan, Jon (23 September 2013). "The Charticle: How Nordeus' Top Eleven rose to the top of the table". pocketgamer.biz. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  26. ^ https://www.rnids.rs/en/domains/national-domains
  27. ^ http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/WebSite/repository/documents/00/02/25/86/IKT__2016_pres_s.pdf
  28. ^ http://www.ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/Pregled%20trzista%202016.pdf
  29. ^ http://www.ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/Pregled%20trzista%202016.pdf
  30. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ri.html
  31. ^ http://www.ratel.rs/upload/documents/Pregled_trzista/Pregled%20trzista%202016.pdf

External links[edit]